CGTN: China, Tanzania upgrade ties to comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership

BEIJING, Nov. 5, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — China and Tanzania have enjoyed a long-lasting friendship and comprehensive cooperation, and the development of the relations is being promoted at a higher level with Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu Hassan’s arrival in Beijing for a three-day visit. 

The two countries on Thursday announced the elevation of bilateral relations to a comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s meeting with Hassan, the first African head of state China received after the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

A ‘true and reliable’ China-Tanzania friendship

Noting that the two countries should take the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership as a guide to advance cooperation in various fields in the next stage, Xi said China will continue to import more Tanzanian products, support Chinese companies in investing and doing business in Tanzania and provide assistance for Tanzania’s economic and social development.

He said China has always viewed its relations with Tanzania from a strategic perspective and has always been a reliable friend.

The bilateral trade between China and Tanzania has developed rapidly. The trade volume reached $6.74 billion, up 47.1 percent year on year. Among them, Tanzania’s exports to China amounted to $606 million, up 47.3 percent year on year, and the growth rate was faster than the average level in Africa, according to Chinese statistics.

Hassan said Tanzania regards China as a “true and most important friend” and is willing to be a trusted partner of China forever.

She said Tanzania will continue to firmly support China on issues concerning China’s core interests, such as the issues related to Taiwan, Xinjiang and Hong Kong.

The two leaders witnessed the signing of bilateral cooperation documents on trade, investment, development cooperation, digital economy and green development.

The two sides also issued a joint statement on establishing a comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership, covering issues such as leveraging the guiding political role of head-of-state diplomacy, elevating two-way trade, and strengthening coordination and cooperation in international affairs, among others.

Building a China-Africa community with a shared future

In 2013, during his visit to Tanzania, Xi put forth the guiding principles of China’s policy toward Africa, namely sincerity, real results, affinity and good faith, which have since become China’s basic policy on pursuing solidarity and cooperation with other developing countries.

Xi told Hassan that under the new circumstances, the sound development of China-Tanzania relations not only serves the common and long-term interests of the two countries but also is of great significance to building a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era.

China is ready to create new opportunities for Africa with its new development, take infrastructure as the guide, strengthen cooperation in trade, investment and financing, and foster new drivers of China-Africa cooperation, he said.

Hassan said her country will join China in taking the establishment of a comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership as an opportunity to strengthen practical cooperation in various fields and build bilateral relations into a model of Africa-China relations in the new era.

Highlighting the role of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) in promoting the development of African countries, she said Tanzania will continue to actively participate in and support the development of FOCAC.

FOCAC is an effective platform and multilateral mechanism for China and African countries to conduct collective consultations and carry out pragmatic cooperation.

Since the establishment of FOCAC, Chinese enterprises have built more than 10,000 kilometers of railways, nearly 100,000 kilometers of roads, nearly 1,000 bridges, nearly 100 ports and a large number of hospitals and schools in Africa, said Chinese Ambassador to Tanzania Chen Mingjian during a conference on China-Africa cooperation through FOCAC in Tanzania’s Dar es Salaam in October.

In 2021, China-Africa trade volume was $254.2 billion, and China’s stock of direct investment in Africa exceeded $56 billion, 25 times and 100 times that of 2000, when the forum was established, respectively, according to the Chinese envoy.

https://news.cgtn.com/news/2022-11-03/President-Xi-meets-Tanzanian-counterpart-in-Beijing-1eF2emfkt20/index.html

Highlighting Special Charter Committee’s Important Role in International Peace, Security, Sixth Committee Speakers Deliberate Over Nature of Discussions

Delegates Approve Requests by Digital Cooperation Organization, Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization for Observer Status in General Assembly

After taking action on requests for observer status in the General Assembly and considering the report “Diplomatic protection”, the Sixth Committee (Legal) took up the “Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization”, with speakers underlining the importance of that Committee and urging that discussions therein can proceed in a technical and legal fashion, free of politicization.

At the outset of the meeting, the Sixth Committee approved without a vote two draft resolutions on requests for observer status in the General Assembly for the Digital Cooperation Organization (document A/C.6/77/L.2) and for the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (document A/C.6/77/L.2), which would have the General Assembly invite the organizations to participate in its sessions and work in the capacity of observer. (For background, see Press Release GA/L/3663.)

The Sixth Committee had before it the “Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization” (document A/77/33).The Commission also took up the report of the Secretary-General on the Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs and *Repertoire of the Practice of the Security Council *(document A/77/303).

Gheorghe Leucă (Republic of Moldova), Chair of the Special Committee, reported that one chapter of the 2022 report which contains 13 paragraphs and is procedural in nature was adopted.While the Special Committee did not adopt the recommendations that were made during its 2022 session, he noted there was general agreement.He also spotlighted several proposals, including “Maintenance of international peace and security” and the annual thematic debate on the “Exchange of information on State practices regarding the use of judicial settlement”, among others.

Blanca Montejo, Senior Political Affairs Officer of the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, gave an overview of the progress made in the preparation and publication of the Repertoire of the Practice of the Security Council. She reported that thetwenty-fourth Supplement was completed and posted on the website of the Council in October 2022. Adhering to the Secretary-General’s approach for “Data Strategy for Action by Everyone, Everywhere”, her team continued to expand the use of technology to present the practice of the Council in a visually engaging and accessible manner, she said.

Huw Llewellyn, Director of the Codification Division of the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs, detailed progress made in the research and drafting of Supplements 10, 11 and 12 of the Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs. He welcomed assistance from the University of Ottawa and Korea University, while spotlighting that a volume from Supplement 9 was published in electronic format during the period under review, both in English and Spanish languages.

In the ensuing debate, speakers underlined the specific role of the Special Committee in maintaining peace and security, while also taking note that the substantive report was not adopted during the session.The delegates also debated when and how sanctions should be applied, spotlighting the importance of transparency and fair procedures, while denying arbitrariness and unilateralism.

The representative of Ukraine, also speaking for Georgia and the Republic of Moldova, pointed out that no substantive report was adopted by the Special Committee, despite vigorous efforts by most delegations.This was due to the Russian Federation’s abuse of the consensus-based practice against the backdrop of its war of aggression against Ukraine, unleashed on 24 February, he said.

The representative of the European Union, in its capacity as observer, said the fundamental principles of the Charter were violated by a permanent member of the Security Council when the war of aggression broke out.Thus, the Special Committee was unable to deliver on one of the key aspects of its mandate: the maintenance of international peace and security, as it failed to adopt a substantive report.

In this vein, the delegate of the United Kingdom highlighted the fact that the Special Committee was established as a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly to discuss and consider proposals to maintain international peace and security worldwide. “It is unfortunate that the Special Committee was unable to reach consensus in agreeing on its full annual report”, she stressed.

However, the Russian Federation’s representative expressed regret that the Special Committee fell hostage to politicization by certain Member States, noting that inclusion of non-consensus-based statements in the report made it impossible to adopt a substantive document.Turning to sanctions and their effects on global supply chains, he underscored the need to dedicate more attention to this issue.

Similarly, the representative of Eritrea said that the sanctions should be employed as a last resort and not based on unfounded charges or imposed without solid evidence. He also spotlighted the need for a clear and fair procedure for ending sanctions regimes.

The Republic of Korea’s delegate said that sanctions adopted by the Security Council remain an important tool for maintaining international peace and security.He thus welcomed the efforts to ensure transparency and due process with respect to the same.

Nonetheless, the representative of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea stressed that political and military pressure against sovereign States is being openly ignored while measures to safeguard sovereignty are being denounced as threats to international peace and security. He urged the Special Committee to reject high-handedness, arbitrariness and unilateralism.

The Sixth Committee also took up the Secretary-Generals’ report on “Diplomatic protection” (document A/77/261), as the delegates debated whether draft articles on diplomatic protection represent a balanced text and should therefore be codified into a convention.

The representative of Portugal recalled the International Law Commission completed a set of 19 draft articles on diplomatic protection in 2006.“In our view, this is evidence that this topic was ripe and adequate for codification,” he said, voicing support for elaboration of a convention on the basis of the draft articles.

Belarus’s representative pointed out that the draft articles constitute a basis for a convention which should focus on international standards for the protection of States’ nationals. A universal international treaty with clear norms, based on consensus, would lower the “confrontational potential” in this sensitive area, he pointed out.

The delegate of Malaysia echoed that stance, stressing that the draft articles are essential in ensuring fair treatment of the nationals abroad and in permitting States to intervene on behalf of their nationals who have been subjected to violations of human rights.

The delegate of Algeria underscored that the draft articles on diplomatic protection and those on responsibility of States for internationally wrongful acts should be aligned to develop and consolidate international law on international responsibility.However, he found it premature to commence negotiations on elaborating a convention due to a lack of consensus among Member States.

The representatives of Austria, Thailand, Singapore, Czech Republic, Finland and Mexico also introduced draft resolutions on:Report of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law on the work of its fifty-fifth session; Consideration of prevention of transboundary harm from hazardous activities and allocation of loss in the case of such harm; Consideration of effective measures to enhance the protection, security and safety of diplomatic and consular missions and representatives; and The rule of law at the national andinternational levels, respectively.

The representative of Iceland introduced the draft letter of the Chair of the Sixth Committee on the legal aspects of the report of the Secretary-General.

The representatives of Saudi Arabia and Bolivia spoke during consideration of requests for observer status.

Speaking on diplomatic protection were representatives of Australia (also for Canada and New Zealand), Singapore, Iran, United States, Mexico, Brazil, El Salvador, Russian Federation, Chile, Netherlands and Italy.

Also speaking on the report of the Special Committee were representatives of Iran (for the Non-Aligned Movement and in its national capacity), Venezuela (for the Group of Friends in Defense of the Charter of the United Nations), United States, Mexico, Egypt, China, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, India, Qatar, Ethiopia, Oman, Bolivia, Azerbaijan, Morocco (for the African Group), Algeria and Nigeria.An observer for the State of Palestine also spoke.

The representatives of the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea spoke in exercise of the right of reply.

The Sixth Committee will next meet at 10 a.m. on Monday, 7 November, to commence its consideration of the report of the Committee on Relations with the Host Country.

Source: UN General Assembly

Weekly Bulletin on Outbreaks and other Emergencies: Week 44: 24 to 30 October 2022

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. This week’s articles cover:

Ebola disease caused by Sudan virus in Uganda

Monkeypox in the WHO African Region

Circulating Vaccine Derived Poliovirus 1 and 2 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

For each of these events, a brief description, followed by public health measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.

A table is provided at the end of the bulletin with information on all new and ongoing public health events currently being monitored in the region, as well as recent events that have been controlled and closed.

Source: World Health Organization

Gisuru: L’ institution de l’ombudsman assiste les élèves vulnérables et la DCE

L’Ombudsman de la République Édouard Nduwimana a remis 50 paires d’uniformes scolaires aux élèves des familles vulnérables, dont les familles des anciens combattants de la commune Gisuru en province Ruyigi.

A la même occasion il a remis 15 rames de papiers à la DCE Gisuru pour aider les écoles à multiplier les épreuves types des concours et examens qui sont organisés au niveau national. L’objectif étant de pouvoir aider les élèves à se préparer à ces épreuves.

Ces assistances ont été collectées par les membres de la section du parti CNDD-FDD œuvrant à l’institution de l’ombudsman.

Innocent Nimpagaritse, représentant ces militants du CNNDD-FDD à l’institution de l’ombudsman a dit que ce geste a été posé pour respecter la recommandation du Secrétaire général du CNDD-FDD d’être caractérisé par l’esprit d’amour et de solidarité avec les personnes en difficulté.

L’ombudsman a saisi cette occasion pour interpeller les parents à inculquer dans la jeunesse un esprit d’amour et de patriotisme. Edouard Nduwimana a remercié les responsables du parti CNDD-FDD en province Ruyigi pour avoir sollicité le concours de la section de ce parti au bureau de l’ombudsman en vue de venir en aide à ces enfants de familles vulnérables. Source: Radio Television Burundi

‫قصف عسكري صغير بطائرة بدون طيار لأول مرة في معرض الصين الجوي 2022

زوهاي، الصين، 5 نوفمبر 2022 / PRNewswire / — افتتاح المعرض الجوي الصيني الرابع عشر قريبًا. سوف تقدم LoongUAV مجموعة متنوعة من الطائرات بدون طيار العسكرية الفعالة من حيث التكلفة والخفيفة الوزن لأول مرة، بما  في ذلك طائرات المراقبة بدون طيار من طراز LOONG 4 ، وطائرات دون طيار   من طراز LOONG 5 ، وطائرات بدون طيار   من طراز LOONG 1 ، وطائرات بدون طيار من طراز ،  LOONG 2 وطائرات بدون طيار للاستطلاع .

في السنوات الأخيرة من الحروب المحلية والصراعات المسلحة، كقوة قتالية جوية ناشئة، سلطت الطائرات بدون طيار الضوء على فعاليتها القتالية. أصبح تجهيز الطائرات بدون طيار وسيلة فعالة لتعزيز قوة الدفاع الوطني بتكلفة أقل.

هناك أنواع مختلفة من الطائرات بدون طيار العسكرية، والتي يمكن تقسيمها إلى طائرات بدون طيار استطلاعية، وطائرات بدون طيار هجومية قتالية، وطائرات بدون طيار إلكترونية مضادة للتدابير، وطائرات بدون طيار فخ، وطائرات بدون طيار مستهدفة، وطائرات بدون طيار استطلاع وضرب. يمكن تقسيمها أيضًا إلى طائرات بدون طيار كبيرة، وطائرات بدون طيار متوسطة، وطائرات بدون طيار خفيفة، وطائرات بدون طيار صغيرة، وطائرات بدون طيار صغيرة حسب حجمها. الطائرات بدون طيار الكبيرة مثل الطائرات بدون طيار الهجومية القتالية من الصين والولايات المتحدة الأمريكية باهظة الثمن وذات كفاءة قتالية منخفضة. بعض الطائرات بدون طيار الإيرانية لها وظيفة واحدة فقط وغير قابلة لإعادة التدوير. تكلفة الاستخدام الفردي هي أكثر من مئات الآلاف من الدولارات. على الرغم من أن بعض الطائرات بدون طيار الاستهلاكية الصينية منخفضة السعر، إلا أن عمر البطارية قصير وسيناريوهات التطبيق محدودة.

LOONG 5 Bombing Drone

تتميز هذه الطائرة بدون طيار بتكلفة منخفضة وفعالية عالية من حيث التكلفة. ويمكنها أن تحمل ستة مدافع هاون من عيار 60 ملم أو أربعة مدافع هاون من عيار 82 ملم، من خلال وحدة بسيطة مثبتة على القذائف بتكلفة تقل عن 10 دولارات، ودقة القنابل في حدود 3 أمتار، والحد الأقصى لوقت التحمل يتجاوز 240 دقيقة، والحد الأقصى لسرعة الطيران 80 كم/ساعة. تُستخدم تقنية الإقلاع والهبوط العمودي ( VTOL ) لتحسين مناورة النشر وتحسين أداء الطيران. مع القدرة على الهجوم الانتحاري، يمكنه قفل وتتبع الأهداف الديناميكية لضربات دقيقة. لديه خفية قوية، وهو هدف بطيء وصغير، وليس له مصدر حراري، ولديه سطح انعكاس راداري صغير جدًا، والذي يمكن أن يتجنب مراقبة الرادار بشكل فعال وليس من السهل إسقاطه. ولديها القدرة القوية على مكافحة التداخل والقدرة على البقاء في ساحة المعركة، والتكنولوجيا الحالية المضادة للطائرات بدون طيار لا تستطيع الدفاع ضدها.

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 تقوم LoongUAV بتصميم وتطوير وتصنيع وتسويق الطائرات بدون طيار التكتيكية الفعالة، وتقدم مجموعة واسعة من خدمات الدعم المخصصة. طائراتنا العسكرية الصغيرة بدون طيار فعالة من حيث التكلفة، وفعالة، وخفيفة الوزن، وقادرة على نقل حمولات كبيرة عبر مسافات طويلة.

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Un petit drone bombardier militaire sera présenté au salon AIRSHOW CHINA 2022

ZHUHAI, Chine, 5 novembre 2022 /PRNewswire/ — L’ouverture du 14e salon aéronautique chinois est imminente. LoongUAV présentera une variété de drones militaires rentables, efficaces et légers, notamment le drone de surveillance LOONG 4, le drone bombardier LOONG 5, le drone de ciblage LOONG 1 et le drone de reconnaissance LOONG 2.

Au cours des dernières années de guerres locales et de conflits armés, en tant que force de combat aérien émergente, les drones ont prouvé leur efficacité au combat. L’équipement en drones est devenu un moyen efficace de renforcer la défense nationale à moindre coût.

Il existe différents types de drones militaires : les drones de reconnaissance, les drones d’attaque, les drones de contre-mesure électronique, les drones leurres, les drones cibles, les drones de reconnaissance et de frappe. Il en existe également de différentes tailles : drones de grande taille, drones de taille moyenne, drones légers, petits drones et microdrones. Les grands drones comme les drones d’attaque de combat de la Chine et des États-Unis sont très chers et ont une faible efficacité au combat. Certains drones iraniens n’ont qu’une seule fonction et ne sont pas recyclables. Le coût d’une seule utilisation s’élève à plus de centaines de milliers de dollars. Bien que certains drones grand public chinois soient bon marché, leur batterie a une faible autonomie et les possibilités d’utilisation sont limitées.

LOONG 5 Bombing Drone

Ce drone est peu coûteux et très rentable. Il peut transporter six mortiers de 60 mm ou quatre mortiers de 82 mm, grâce à un simple module installé sur des obus pour un coût inférieur à 10 $, la précision des bombes est de trois mètres, la durée d’endurance maximale dépasse 240 minutes, et la vitesse de vol maximale est de 80 km/h. Il est équipé de la technologie VTOL (Vertical Take-Off and Landing, décollage et atterrissage verticaux) pour améliorer la manœuvrabilité du déploiement et optimiser les performances de vol. Sa capacité d’attaque suicide lui permet de verrouiller et suivre des cibles dynamiques pour effectuer des frappes précises. Il est très furtif, c’est une petite cible à faible vitesse, il n’a pas de source de chaleur et sa surface de réflexion radar est très petite, ce qui lui permet d’éviter efficacement la surveillance radar et de résister aux attaques. Il possède une forte capacité de lutte contre les interférences et une excellente capacité de survie sur le champ de bataille, et la technologie anti-drones actuelle ne peut pas s’y opposer.

Consultez le site www.loonguav.com pour en savoir plus et visionner trois vidéos de démonstration

LoongUAV  conçoit, développe, fabrique et commercialise des drones tactiques efficaces, et propose une large gamme de services d’assistance sur mesure. Nos petits drones militaires sont rentables, efficaces, légers et capables de transporter des charges utiles importantes sur de longues distances.

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