Journey to extremism in Africa: Pathways to recruitment and disengagement

The surge in violent extremism in sub-Saharan Africa undermines hard-won development gains and threatens to hold back progress for generations to come. The need to improve understanding of what drives violent extremism in Africa, and what can be done to prevent it, has never been more urgent.


Against this backdrop of the surge in violent extremism in sub- Saharan Africa, and the continued prioritization of security-driven responses, UNDP initiated a follow-up study, Journey to Extremism in Africa: Pathways to Recruitment and Disengagement in 2020.


The research was developed to strengthen and refine the evidence base established in 2017, as well as to update and expand the scope of the research, tracking variations in relation to the findings of the first report: Journey to Extremism in Africa: Drivers, Incentives and the Tipping Point for Recruitment


Source: UN Development Programme

Commune Isare: des pluies torrentielles causent d’énormes dégâts

La pluie torrentielle, mêlée de grêle et vent violent qui s’est abattue dimanche 18 décembre 2022 sur 9 collines de la commune Isare en province Bujumbura a causé d’importants dégâts matériels.

Selon l’administrateur de la commune Isare Gilbert Niyonkuru, des champs de maïs, haricots, tomates, choux, petits pois, des bananiers, et autres ont été détruits. On déplore également 57 maisons endommagées.

Pour l’administrateur de la Commune Isare Gilbert Niyonkuru, la saison culturale est compromise. Les agriculteurs subiront d’énormes pertes suite à ces intempéries, alors qu’ils avaient répondu favorablement à la pratique de mise en commun des terres et l’amélioration des méthodes culturales pour augmenter la production.

L’administrateur appelle toute âme charitable à soutenir cette population qui n’espère presque rien en terme de récolte. La population a notamment besoin d’autres intrants pour se préparer à la prochaine saison culturale, mais aussi des tôles pour la couverture des maisons endommagées

Source: Radio Television Burundi

UN Weekly Roundup: December 10-16, 2022

Here is a fast take on what the international community has been up to this past week, as seen from the United Nations perch.

Iran Expelled From Women’s Commission

Iran was voted off the U.N.’s Commission on the Status of Women on Wednesday for its crackdown against peaceful protesters and its repressive and discriminatory policies toward women and girls. The 54-nation Economic and Social Council voted 29-8 with 16 abstentions to remove Iran immediately from the commission, which meets for two weeks each March.

Iran Voted Off UN Group Focused on Women’s Rights

Gross Human Rights Violations Alleged in War in Ukraine

The U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights on Thursday accused Russia of gross violations of international human rights and humanitarian law in Ukraine. The accusation was made in a report on recent developments in Russia’s war on Ukraine and was submitted to the Human Rights Council.

Gross Human Rights Violations Mark Ukraine War

Refugee Agency Concerned About Somalis in Kenyan Camp

The U.N. refugee agency warned this week that humanitarian conditions are deteriorating for tens of thousands of Somalis in Kenya’s Dadaab refugee camp as unrelenting drought grips the Horn of Africa and funding dries up.

UNHCR: Conditions Deteriorate for Somalis in Dadaab Refugee Camps

In Brief:

— The U.N. refugee agency said Friday that actress Angelina Jolie is leaving her role as UNHCR special envoy. Jolie has worked with the refugee agency for 21 years and has become a very visible and respected advocate for the plight and rights of displaced persons around the world. In a joint statement, UNHCR and Jolie said she is moving on “to engage on a broader set of humanitarian and human rights issues.” High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi thanked her for her dedication, saying she has been “an important humanitarian partner.” Jolie has carried out more than 60 field missions, most recently to Yemen and Burkina Faso. The actress and activist said she will continue “to do everything in my power in the years to come to support refugees and other displaced people. After 20 years working within the U.N. system, I feel it is time for me to work differently, engaging directly with refugees and local organizations, and supporting their advocacy for solutions.”

— On Wednesday, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres met with Honduran President Xiomara Castro at the U.N. to discuss the establishment of an international mechanism against impunity and corruption in Honduras. They signed a memorandum of understanding that laid out the terms to support the establishment of an independent, impartial and autonomous mechanism. Details on the establishment and functioning of the mechanism will be taken up in future negotiations on a bilateral agreement, a U.N. spokesperson said.

— The head of the World Health Organization told reporters Wednesday that his uncle had been “murdered” by Eritrean forces in northern Ethiopia’s Tigray region. Reuters reports that Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, who comes from Tigray and has been vocal about the conflict, said at a COVID-19 news conference in Geneva that he almost canceled his attendance because he was “not in good shape” after hearing of his uncle’s “murder.” He said more than 50 other people had been killed in the same incident. He did not give any further details.

— The Pan American Health Organization delivered nearly 1.2 million doses of oral cholera vaccines to Haiti this week. PAHO plans to begin a vaccination campaign Sunday in some of the hardest-hit areas of the capital, Port-au-Prince. Vaccinations will also take place in the commune of Mirebalais, in the north. Suspected cholera cases rose almost 10% in the past week to more than 14,000. PAHO and its partners have set up 70 cholera treatment centers and rapid response teams in Haiti.

— An Irish peacekeeper was killed and three others were injured, one critically, in south Lebanon on Wednesday, just outside the UNIFIL mission’s area of operations. The victims are part of the mission, which maintains stability along the “blue line” with Israel. The mission is a relatively safe one; the last time a peacekeeper was killed in a violent incident was in 2007. Secretary-General Guterres has called for a swift investigation. Ireland’s foreign and defense minister, Simon Coveney, was at the United Nations on Thursday and said his government would also launch its own investigation, in addition to ones by the U.N. and the Lebanese authorities. He said there were two armored vehicles each with four peacekeepers driving toward the capital, Beirut. The cars were separated, and one was surrounded by what he described as a “mob,” whose members were aggressive and fired shots. He said the Lebanese government has pledged its full cooperation in the investigations.

Good news

The secretary-general said Monday that the organization has hit several gender parity goals ahead of schedule. Guterres has said one of his key strategic priorities for the U.N. is to have equal representation of male and female personnel in order to achieve gender equality in its work. In the past five years, the secretariat has achieved equality in the numbers of male and female senior officials, heads and deputy heads of peace operations, and resident coordinators. The number of U.N. entities with at least half women staff has also increased from five to 26. But progress has been slow and uneven in field missions, and Guterres said efforts would be made to improve that. Overall, he said the secretariat would be close to parity in 2025 – three years ahead of schedule.

What We Are Watching Next Week

On Monday, at 10 a.m. New York time, the secretary-general will hold his year-end news conference at U.N. headquarters. You can watch it here.

Source: Voice of America

HRP 2022 Monitoring Dashboard GBV AoR West and Central Africa region

6.9 million people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance for Protection-GBV in the West and Central Africa region in 2022. 70% of these people in need were targeted for humanitarian response plan 2022. A total of US$ 138.7 million required to deliver GBV life-saving assistance and protection to 4.8 million people across the 7 countries including Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central Africa Republic, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria in the region which have developed Humanitarian Response Plans, only 8.9 per cent of the required funds were met.

Despite funding shortfalls and operational challenges, humanitarian partners assisted 33 per cent of the targeted population. More than 1.6 million people were reached with 202300 Women and Girls including male reached by Specialized GBV services/GBV Response , 68486 reached with GBV Risk Mitigation &Dignity kits/security or hygienic Kits distribution, 891729 reached with GBV Awareness raising & Sensitization , 9035 on Economic and Social empowerment activities, 5213 on Training and capacity-building activities. Mains challenges raised across countries are low coverage of intervention areas by specialized GBV services, critical need to scale up lifesaving GBV services and advocate for access to reach affected communities

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees

Les Etats sont appelés à respecter les lois et les principes du Traité de l’EAC

Le Président de la Cour de Justice de l’EAC Nestor Kayobera, a rencontré lundi 25 septembre 2022 les chefs des juridictions supérieures de Bujumbura, les procureurs de la République, les procureurs généraux et cadres de l’administration centrale du Ministère de la Justice.

C’était une rencontre d’échange et information sur l’organisation, le fonctionnement, la composition, la compétence de la Cour de justice de l’EAC et la jurisprudence au sein de cette Cour.

Le Président de la Cour de justice de l’EAC a organisé cette formation pour montrer aux juges et magistrats que les Etats et le secrétariat général peuvent être portés devant la Cour pour violations des principes fondamentaux et opérationnels prévus dans le Traité de l’EAC.

Nestor Kayobera a saisi cette occasion pour rappeler aux Etats qu’ils doivent respecter le Traité de l’EAC et les lois nationales, parce que le non respect des lois nationales constitue une violation du Traité.

Chaque personne physique ou morale peut saisir la Cour sans attendre les procédures au niveau interne, mais la Cour ne constitue pas un appel pour les jugements rendus par les juridictions nationales. Les décisions de la Cour de justice de l’EAC prennent présence sur les jugements des juridictions nationales, a précisé Nestor Kayobera.

Partant des principes du Traité, de la compétence, du fonctionnement et de la jurisprudence de la Cour, Nestor Kayobera a exhorté les responsables judiciaires, à respecter les lois nationales. De même, les autorités des pays sont appelées à faire en sorte que les organes exécutifs, judiciaires et législatifs respectent les loi et les principes du Traité pour que les Etats ne soient pas contraints d’être portés devant la Cour pour violation de ses principes.

Source: Radio Television Burundi

Minister of Foreign Affairs Nikos Dendias to travel to New York to attend the 77th UN General Assembly High-Level Week: indicative schedule of bilateral and multilateral contacts

Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nikos Dendias, will travel today to New York in order to participate in the High-Level Week of the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
From Monday, September 19 to Wednesday, September 23, he will have a series of bilateral and multilateral contacts, while he is also expected to take part in some of the Prime Minister’s meetings as well.
The schedule of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, N. Dendias, has been formulated so far, as follows:

Monday, September 19:

•    Meeting with Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Jordan, Ayman Safadi
•    Trilateral meeting with the Foreign Ministers of Cyprus Ioannis Kasoulides and Armenia Ararat Mizoyan
•    Bilateral meeting of Foreign Ministers of Greece and Cyprus
•    Meeting with the American Jewish Committee leadership
•    Meeting with the President of the 77th session of the UN General Assembly Csaba Kőrösi
•    Meeting with the Foreign Minister of Cape Verde Rui Alberto de Figueiredo Soares
•    Meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the European Union

Tuesday, September 20:

•    The Minister of Foreign Affairs will represent Greece at the opening of the UN General Assembly
•    Meeting with Foreign Minister of Egypt, Sameh Shoukry
•    Trilateral meeting between the Foreign Ministers of Greece, Cyprus, and Egypt
•    Meeting with Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad Al-Maliki
•    Meeting with Georgian Foreign Minister Ilia Darchiashvili
•    Meeting with the Foreign Minister of Chad, Chérif Mahamat Zene
•    Meeting with Foreign Minister of Rwanda, Vincent Biruta

Wednesday, September 21:

•    Meeting with the Foreign Minister of the Dominican Republic, Roberto Alvarez Gil
•    Meeting with the Foreign Minister of Jamaica, Kamina Johnson Smith
•    Participation in the High-Level Event “Preventing FSO Safer Tanker Spill in the Red Sea” hosted by Dutch Foreign Minister Wopke Hoekstra
•    Meeting with the Secretary General of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Nayef Falah Al-Hajraf
•    Meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Panama, Erika Mouynes

Thursday, September 22:

•    Meeting with the Foreign Minister of Moldova, Nicu Popescu
•    Meeting with the Foreign Minister of North Macedonia, Bujar Osmani
•    Meeting with the Foreign Minister of Madagascar, Richard James Randriamandrato
•    Meeting with the Foreign Minister of Mauritania, Mohamed Salem Ould Merzoug
•    Meeting with the US Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, Victoria Nuland
•    Meeting with Minister of External Affairs of India, Subrahmanyam Jaishankar
•    Participation in the Ministerial Meeting of the Ancient Civilizations Forum
•    Meeting with Minister of State for International Cooperation at the UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Reem Al Hashimy
•    Transatlantic Dinner with the participation of the US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken

Friday, September 23:

•    Meeting with Foreign Minister of Tanzania, Liberata Mulamula
•    Meeting with Foreign Minister of the Philippines, Enrique Manalo
•    Meeting with the Foreign Minister of Palau, Gustav Aitaro
•    Working Lunch of the Foreign Ministers of the South-East European Cooperation Process

In the context of the above-mentioned meetings, apart from topics pertaining to the strengthening of bilateral relations, issues of regional and global interest, including Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the energy crisis, developments in North Africa, the South-Eastern Mediterranean, the Western Balkans, as well as the promotion of the Greek candidacy for a seat on the UN Security Council for the 2025-26 term, our candidacy for the Human Rights Council for the 2028-30 term and the Presidency of the UN General Assembly in 2035, will be discussed.

A number of bilateral agreements are scheduled to be signed, as well.

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Hellenic Republic